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OUR PENNYROYAL ANCESTORS

Besheers of the Cumberland;
Barren and Green Rivers of Kentucky

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Some families know a great deal about their roots; others know very little. This site is an attempt to record what I've learned about our family history. In these modern times, families tend to be scattered all over the country, if not the world. One of the goals of this web site is to help our family stay connected even though we live far apart.

PRE 1800 - JOHN BRAZIER OF
ST. GENEVIEVE MISSOURI

and

Possible brother of William Brazier
of Fauquier Co Virginia.


Another perspective on William
and John Breshears of Spartanburg SC

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PENNYROYAL KY ANCESTORS

You may ask ...what is the Pennyroyal?

So ...where were the heirs of John Brazier as the other descendants of "THE ORPHAN'S OF WILLIAM" moved from South Carolina to "The Pennyroyal?" The area of the Pennyroyal they moved into was an area that stradled the line between what would become Kentucky and Tennessee and included the "Walker Survey?" It was a "No Mans Land."

1) A John Brazier had land claims in East Tennessee (Old Washington Co.,) before it became the state of Tennessee.
This piece of land is on the Nolichucky River and John is referred to as John Brazier, John Brasure and John Bradshaw.

2) A John Brazer is found on Bayou Pierre (Pearl River)Mississippi.
(Ref: Territorial Papers, )

3) 1803 ...A John Brazer moved onto the "Pennyroyal" about 1803 Was he the Canadian Loyalist? Who are the men with him? This is the correct spellng of the name.

...John Brazer
...William Bazer,
...James Bazer,
...Jonathon Brazer and
...Alexander Bazer,
taking land on the Barren River.
Ref: LDS Film #

4) Before 1800: A John Brazier's executors made a claim (Memorial) to the American Congress for "Territorial Land Claims". "Indemnity for French Spoilation of Land."
Ref: Cong: #26; 29; 31: Sessions #1; 2; 1; Report: #343 & 355. This claim was referred to the committee. This land was in ST. Genevieve, in area that became Missouri.(ID2510)

5) 1810 ...A John Brazier's Heirs (the above Executors) made claim to land Warranted in Missouri, as proprietors.

1820 ...a John Brazier ...1820 StL. Prop.(St. Louis)
1836...A Thomas Brazier's Heirs, Carr. PrpPt. (Carrolton from Ray)
1836 ...A Thomas Brazier's Heirs, Carr. PROP
(Ref: "Ten Thousand Missouri Tax Payers" BK GS# 977.8, R48K )
Note: There was an Alexander L. Brasseur who left a record in St. Landrey Parish Louisiana. An Alexander L. Brasher is a Missouri Pioneer. (Successions-Vol 1).

6) Who was the JOHN BRAZIER who came first to the area near Chareston South Carolina? Hummmmm


You ask what is the Pennyroyal? Think of the forested hills, soft green valleys ...the Bluegrass of Kentucky, watered by the Green and Barren Rivers and tributaries. Bowling Green is in that area.

By 1770 the Virginian and Carolinian frontiersmen had discovered and started settling the Pennyroyal. The area was named for an herb that flourished there called Pennyrile an herb of the mint family. It was used in the Folk Medicine and repelled the pesky mosquitos.

Previously the earlier cultures had left remenants of their culture. The Shawnee, Delaware, and Mingo Indians of the North and the Cherokee, Catabwa, Muscologee and Chickasaw of the south called Kentucky the the dark and blood ground because of their often and fiercely fought battles in the area. The area abounded with wild life and so was coveted by the tribes.

Your next question might be ...why should I be concerned with this area since our Breshears come from Tennessee?

"By 1673 one Jacques Marquette, a French Missionary from Wisconsin along with several other Frenchmen traveled through this area as far as the Arkansas River.

You will recall that in 1747, Dr. Thomas Walker of Albemarle Co., VA, came through the Cumberland Gap, probably traveling down the Wilderness Trail of the Irish Track, into northeastern Kentucky. He and later explorers left reasonably accurate maps.

He mentions Christopher Gist (BEZER RELATIVE), a direct descendant of the the Welsh Settlers from whom the William Bezer (Bradshaw) clan descend who came to the Welsh Colony in Old Chester County Pennsylvania before 1681.

We recognize the John Findley (1767) and Daniel Boon (1769) expeditions. With these early expeditions were Brazier men who left records also seen as Bradshaw.

The Walpole Land Company deals with the transmuted Bradshaw to Brazier name extensively. Thomas Bradshaw was recorded in the Walpole papers as using Bradshaw and Brazier interchangeably.

In 1770 Col. James Knox and a party of hunters from the Holston and Clinch Rivers in South Western Virginia traveled west of the Allegheny Mountains to trap, hunt and shoot game. Nine of these men reached the Kentucky River. They hunted Green River and the lower Cumberland River area. They stayed away from their families for so long that they have ever afterwards been called Long Hunters.

Some of their descendants settled in the area of the Barrens. There are found many families found on Georgenes pedigree Charts. This is the area that Barren, Green and Allen Co., KY, were carved out of. Many of these pioneer sons marched with Andrew Jackson to Orleans in the war of 1812.


News spread abroad fast about this furtile land: ...some families, before 1800, migrated out of Virginia and North Carolina coming to settle, but they really came in earnest when the land was granted to reward their soldiers of the Revolution (1783)for their military service, coming to the military grants in the Pennyroyal.

The settlers from the eastern sea board came through on the wilderness road. They traversed the Valley of Virginia, passed through Staunton, Fincastle, and the Cumberland Gap. In Southern Kentucky they followed the Cumberland Trace along the Cumberland River to the Nashville settlement, later in the area named Tennessee.

The more northerly route down the Ohio River was frought with danger from the Hostile Indians on the north banks of the river. It was down the Ohio route that the Brashears associated with the John Hardin Clan came. The Hardins and Brashears were at Fort Redstone, on the Monongahelia River in Southwest Pennsylvania.

This colony had originally been relocated from New Jersey by the Penns of Pennsylvania resurveys.

Both Brashears and Hardins left accounts of the masaquers that took place in their families. William Bezers widow Sarah Coole Brazier married a John Hardin back in Delaware or New Jersey. It will be remembered that William BEZER was using the name spelled Bradshaw-Bratcher-Bracher-Breshears.

Many of the collateral families on my pedigree charts came originally to the Pennyroyal. The Wisdoms, Hoggs, Gibsons, Collins, Hardins are some who lived and died in this area. However, The Hardin family from the Eastern Shore, Wisdom from the The Welsh Grants in PA, Hogg , Gibson, and Collins families were helping the younger members of their family as they took their land in the Bend Of The River, Tennessee.

We can trace them from the New Jersey (Delaware) colony, to the Yohogania Co., PA, Colony, to the Pennyroyal Colony on the Barren River, then on into Warren County Tennessee and finally to Lawrenceburg TN.

Lets reflect back to the Pennyroyal of Kentucky. This will be the area of Barren, Green, some Allen and Warren Co., KY, so far as our family is concerned. Here is a brief overview of the area.

The area:
I may have to go back and comment more extensively on the colony a few miles from Bowling green. By 1769 Joseph Drake and other hunters from Virginia and North Carolina camped and hunted there near Bowling Green. Drake established a camp in 1775 where they camped and killed deer for their hides. They often dried as many as 500 hides then returned east to sell them. By 1785 we find Andrew McFaddin and Archibald McKinney, settled near Hanging Rock.

By 1796 the area scouted by Jacob and William Stiles to open the Barren River and Drakes Creek for navigation. Flatboats and other navigation came down Barren River as far as Bays Station where they had an inspection station for tobacca, hemp and flour. This land was sold to Joseph Boone in 1805 by previous owner Levi Cumpton.
Below are some of the pioneers to the area.

.Henry Skaggs (Scuggs?-who played a critical part in the setttlement of the Brashears of Barren Run), in 1799 , along with his wife and son Henry Jr.

...JOHN BOUCHER, PETER BOUCHER AND GABRIEL BOUCHER,
Elzie Durham, Jacob Holderman, the Olimacher brothers and the Olermeyer family, all CANADIANS working for the Hudson Bay Company, ...FLED Canada with 50 pack mules laden with furs and gold. They did not stop until they reached the BARRENS in what is now Hart County.

The Scaggs settled on the old Foster place in Allen Co, on the Barren River. This was later known as the SATTERFIELD farm. Other canadians who came were Jean Lock or LOCKLEY (hmmmm ...is this Anna Locks forefather???)

In 1814 we find a John Bishear, a Robert and the Satterfields, heavily envolved in Jury duty in Giles County Tennessee. These families have been found on the Kentucky Pennyroyal.

This is a work in progress, so please contact me if you have any information that might help round out the picture.

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1830 TENNESSEE
WARREN and WHITE CO

Tracking Bisher, Besher, Brizier (Sic)

BRASHEARS, John age 60+ born abt 1770: This must not be the JOHN BRASHEARS Sr. , who settled McNairy and Lawrence Co .(could be their father)

GILES COUNTY PIONEER

1814-16...GILES CO TN., GENERAL INDEX 1810-1859. REG: 1 JUL 1816:

GRANTEE: BISHEARS John
GRANTOR: John & Arron BROWN

ACRES: 320 BK: B PG: 381 West side of RICHLAND CREEK. [Richland Creek is located in modern day Giles Co., North of Pulaski]

This indenture made on the 30th day of Jan in the year of our Lord on thousand eight hundred fourteen between Arron Brown of TN, of the one part and JOHN BESHEARS of the said county and state of the other part

witnesseth that for and in consideration of the sum of six hundred and twenty dollars in hand paid to the said ARRON BROWN the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged hath granted bargained sold and conveyed and by these present doth grant bargain and sell and by these present doth grant bargain sell and convey unto the said JOHN BESHEERS a certain tract on parcel of land lying and situated in the aforesaid county and state on the west side of Richland Creek and north of John Jacks tract of land cut off of WILLIAM POLKS 4,000 acress tract.

Beginning at a Sassafras and Beech on the said JACK'S line and running North fifteen Degrees West 40 chains to the corner on the Iron Tree the same being the north east corner, thence due West 80 chains to the corner on a dogwood and hickory.

Thence South fifteen degrees east 40 chains to JOHN JACKS line cornering on a dogwood and hickory. Thence due east along said line to the beginning containing by estimation 320 acres to the same more or less.

To have and to hold the above land and granted promise with all appurtenances thereunto belonging to the said BRASHEARS to the only proper use and behalf of him

...the said JOHN BESHEERS his HEIRS and assigns forever and the AARON BROWN for himself his heirs executors and administrators shall and will at all time warrant and forever defend the above described land and promised to the
(notice the duel spelling of Besheers here)

JOHN BRASHEARS his heirs or assigns against the claim or claims of all and every person or persons [except that part lying southwest of the Indian boundary line until such time as the indian claim thereto may be extinguished by our government.

Whatever whereby the same may be affected on incumbered contrary to the true intent and meaning of these presents in testimony whereof the said ARRON BROWN hath hereunto set his hand and seal the day and year above written.
Signed and sealed in the presence of
WILLIAM BROWN
AARON BROWN
MASON MOPPS [X]mark


State of Tenn Giles County Court Jun Term 1816

Then was the within deed conveyance from AARON BROWN to JOHN BRASHEARS for three hundred and twenty acres of land produced in open court and acknowledged by the said AARON BROWN. Be his act and deed and ordered to be certified for registration. In testimony whereof I German Lester, Clerk of said Court have here unto set my hand & affixed the seal of the said court at office in PULASKI the 20th of jun 1816.
[NOTE: GILES CO was WILLIAMSON CO until 1809


1820...GILES CO.TENNESSEE:
BRASHEARS, JOHN SR.
M(3UN10)(1-10TO16)(1-45UP) [SENIOR CITIZEN]
F(1-16TO26)(1-45UP)
BRASHEARS, JOHN JR. 26 TO 45 ?

GILES CO COURT MINUTES

1813...GILES CO. TENNESSEE COUNTY COURT MINUTES 1813-1816 PG 261

BASHIER, JOHN, ON JURY SEPT 1814 PG 465

BRASHERS, ROBERT ON JURY JUNE 1815 PG 551

BRASHERS, JOHN ON JURY JUNE 1815 pG 556

BRASHERS, JOHN ON JURY SEPT 1816 PG 452

BRASHERS, ROBERT ON JURY JUNE 1816 PG 137

BARSHEARS, JOHN ON JURY SEPT 1816 PG 137

SATTERFIELD,PETER JURY SEPT 1816 PG 265

BARSHEARS, JOHN ON JURY DEC 1816 PG 265

SATTERFIELD,PETER JURY JUNE 1816 PG 265

SATTERFIELD,PETER JURY SEPT 1816 PG 265

SATTERFIELD,PETER JURY DEC 1816



1819...Who is this ROBERT BRASHERS?: Lawrence CO. Alabama, records by Grandrud. VOL 22, PG4:

Marriages, ROBERT H. BRASHER and SALLY RHEA - 6 APR 1819
(There is a Robert H. Brashears in Fauquier Co., VA)
Note: A witness to the will of old Jesse BRASHEARS of West Feliciana Louisiana was John RHEA.

[1992... Note: There is a ROBERT H. BRASHEAR of record in East Feliciana land deeds index about 1850ish - I need to find this again.

Also on Cumberland County NC., deeds index is one Robert H. Brasher.

Fauquiar Co., Va., records a marriage for one ROBERT H. BRASHER - This may be significant clue].

1834...Madison Co. Alabama. Loose records. published in Vol 4.Madison Co., by Grandrud. pg 84, No 32:

HOPKINS LACY" Rec'd of THEOPHILUS LACY. ADM: of HOPKINS LACY Dec'd,

who was adm of JOHN RHEA the following sums: for PHILIP B. MASON or (MAXON?) in right of wife NANCY.

Joseph NAIL in right of wife ESTHER,
ROBERT BRASHEARS (SEE marriage of ROBERT and SALLY [SARAH?] RHEA ,

William RHEA'S heir, Margaret WRIGHTS heirs, [Jesse BRASHEARS md. MARGARET. WRIGHT so would be a brother of ROBERT BRASHEARS],

for self (John RHEA) all heirs of John RHEA Sr.. dec'd. John RHEA made bond in GILES CO. TENN. date 13 Dec 1834.


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